Working With Tables

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Tabcode2.jpg

Using tables to control layout on a page

Using tables enables you to mix text, images and hyperlinks without worrying about the display on different screens.

The coding is fiddly but you can dictate where on the screen your content will end up!!

A table is a grid which gives you boxes (cells) in which to fit your content.

Within each cell, you can format and space the text. Example 1

You can fix the width and proportion of the columns, the height of the box will expand to fit the content. Example 2


How tables are constructed

A table is created by starting a line with a "|" character, separating each cell with a "|", and ending each row with a "|".

For example, a 3x3 table is created with:


|cell 1|cell 2|cell 3|
|cell 4|cell 5|cell 6|
|cell 7|cell 8|cell 9|


Beginning and ending a table

The entire table is encased with curly brackets and a vertical bar character (a pipe).

So use {| to begin a table, and |} to end it. Each one needs to be on its own line:


{|

table code goes here

|}


Starting a new row

To start a new table row, type a vertical bar and a hyphen on its own line: "|-".

The codes for the cells in that row will start on the next line.


The Code

{| border="1"
|-
| Content of Cell 1 || Content of Cell 2 || Content of Cell 3
|-
| Content of Cell 4 || Content of Cell 5 || Content of Cell 6
|-
| Content of Cell 7 || Content of Cell 8 || Content of Cell 9
|}


The Result

Content of Cell 1 Content of Cell 2 Content of Cell 3
Content of Cell 4 Content of Cell 5 Content of Cell 6
Content of Cell 7 Content of Cell 8 Content of Cell 9


You can add a caption above the table

{| border="1"
|+THIS IS THE CAPTION
|-
| Content of Cell 1 || Content of Cell 2 || Content of Cell 3
|}


THIS IS THE CAPTION
Content of Cell 1 Content of Cell 2 Content of Cell 3


More than one column ~ A

Type the codes for each table cell in the next row, starting with a bar.


The Code

{|
|+ The table's caption If you don't want a caption, leave out this row.
|-
| Text (and/or images) goes here
| More text in the same row here
|-
| Text in the next row goes here
| more cells in the same row here
|}


The Result

Text (and/or images) goes here More text in the same row goes here
Text in the next row goes here More text in the same row goes here


More than one column ~ B

Cells can be separated with either a new line AND new single bar "|", OR by double bars "||" on the same line.


N.B. You cannot have more then one single bar | in one line.


Both produce the same output:


The Code

{|
|-
|Cell 1 || Cell 2 || Cell 3
|-
|Cell A
|Cell B
|Cell C
|}


The Result

Cell 1 Cell 2 Cell 3
Cell A Cell B Cell C


Example 2 uses |Cell 1 || Cell 2 || Cell 3

Example 1 starts each cell on a new line.


Code summary

{| start table
|+ table caption, optional but only one per table and it must be between table start and first row.
|- table row, optional but it is easier to see where you are in the code.
| table content cell, required! Consecutive table data cells may be added on the same line separated by double marks (||) or start on new lines, each with its own single mark (|).
|} end table


Example tables

Two columns, two rows

This example consists of 2 columns and two rows.


The Code

Tabcode.jpg


The Result

Model6b.jpg


Three columns, four rows

This example consists of three columns with four rows in each column.


The Code

{| width="100%" border="0" cellspacing="5" cellpadding="5"
|-valign="top"
| <div align="center">'''Family History''' </div>
| <div align="center">'''Military History''' </div>
| <div align="center">'''Learning and Research''' </div>
|-valign="top"
| <div align="center">[[image:fammenu.jpg]] </div>
| <div align="center">[[image:milmenu.jpg]] </div>
| <div align="center">[[image:learnmenu.jpg]] </div>
|-valign="top"
|Direct links to sources and background information for Census records, Births, marriages & deaths, Wills, Adoption records and Outward passenger lists. ||Direct links to sources and background information for the British Army, Royal Navy, Royal Marines, Royal Air Force, WW1 medals, Merchant navy, WW1 soldiers’ records. ||Direct links to The Catalogue and Documents Online together with very detailed (searchable) lists of what is available at The National Archives in Kew.
|-valign="top"
|<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/familyhistory/?homepage=fr-more more family history...]</span> takes you to a detailed explanation about how to begin your research into your family history.||<span class="plainlinks">[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/militaryhistory/?homepage=mh-more more military history..]</span> takes you to a detailed explanation about how to research military history.
|}


Explanation of the code

Tabletop.jpg

Toprow.jpg

Table2row.jpg

Table3row.jpg

Table4row.jpg


The Result

Family History
Military History
Learning and Research
Fammenu.jpg
Milmenu.jpg
Learnmenu.jpg
Direct links to sources and background information for Census records, Births, marriages & deaths, Wills, Adoption records and Outward passenger lists. Direct links to sources and background information for the British Army, Royal Navy, Royal Marines, Royal Air Force, WW1 medals, Merchant navy, WW1 soldiers’ records. Direct links to The Catalogue and Documents Online together with very detailed (searchable) lists of what is available at The National Archives in Kew.
more family history... takes you to a detailed explanation about how to begin your research into your family history. more military history.. takes you to a detailed explanation about how to research military history.


Other Help Pages

Minibad.jpg The Wiki Guide